Steps in writing a literature review

If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references.

Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases. You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Developing a coherent essay Galvan, How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it.

Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. Print this out, and cut the titles into individual slips of paper.

You can record the topics in the same box as before User 1 or use User 2 box for the topic s under which you have chosen to place this article.

Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review. Research can help you collect a huge amount of data but you cannot add all of it to your review. Make sure that each note goes into a pile.

Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing.

Guidelines for writing a literature review

Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: Use that mini-conceptual schema to write up your literature review based on the excerpts that you have in front of you.

These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review.

Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article.

It may be more challenging for M. In the case of this Educ introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus.

On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed. Make sure that you only get articles and books in those areas, even if you come across fascinating books in other areas.

Be consistent in how you record notes. If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field e. You can begin anywhere, because you already know the order. If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table.

Find books in the library that are relevant and check them out. Import your references into your RefWorks account see: If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction.

It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic.Writing a literature review is not same as writing a book review. People often confused these two up and end up writing wrong material.

A literature review simply covers scholarly articles, research papers and other such sources. Sonja Foss and William Walters* describe an efficient and effective way of writing a literature review.

Their system provides an excellent guide for getting through the massive amounts of literature for any purpose: in a dissertation, an M.A.

Guidelines for writing a literature review

thesis, or an article or book in any field of study. Writing a Literature Review Definition A literature review is both a summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic as found in academic books and journal articles.

Oct 01,  · Six Steps to Writing a Literature Review In their book, Destination Dissertation: A Traveler's Guide to a Done Dissertation, Sonja Foss and William Walters have a chapter that describes a highly efficient way of writing a literature review.

Below is a summary of the steps they outline as well as a step-by-step method for writing a literature review. Step One: Decide on your areas of research: Before you begin to search for articles or books, decide beforehand what areas you are going to research. Oct 01,  · Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review.

The great thing about this process is that it breaks down into manageable steps something that seems enormous: writing a literature review.

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Steps in writing a literature review
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